But the “dryness” you feel might not be dry skin at all. It might, in fact, be dehydrated skin. And while the two things may sound similar, they are very different. They are so different that using products to treat dry skin when you actually have dehydrated skin (and vice versa), can make the symptoms worse.
This article shares the difference between dry skin and dehydrated skin and shows you the proper way to treat each.
The Science of Our Skin
The topmost layer of your skin (the stratum corneum) includes a mix of oily lipids and waxes. This oily layer is made up of sebum and sweat and, among other things, serves to keep moisture in your skin.
When the oily layer is damaged or doesn’t function properly, moisture can leak out. This results in dry or dehydrated skin. At the most basic level, then, dry and dehydrated skin are both caused by a lack of moisture. The difference between the two is how the protective layer is damaged and why it isn’t functioning properly.
The Facts About Dry Skin
The causes of dry skin
Dry skin is caused by an internal imbalance that causes the oily protective layer to malfunction. This internal imbalance is often genetic and is caused by such things as an underactive thyroid or disproportionate hormone levels. The internal imbalance interferes with the production of the natural oils that protect the skin and help it retain moisture.
So, basically, dry skin results from a lack of oil. And because the internal imbalance is genetic, it can be treated but never cured completely.
How to treat dry skin
Dry skin can be treated using products that act as a substitute for the body’s natural oils.
Choose an antioxidant-rich, oil-based lotion. This will help nourish dry skin and act as a barrier that keeps moisture from escaping. When that moisture is retained, your skin will feel softer and more supple. In addition, an oil-based lotion can help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles because the skin plumps with retained moisture.
To make the most of these oil-based lotions, replace any harsh, stripping cleansers with a gentle soap-free cleanser. SiO Beauty makes a gentle cleanser for the décolleté that can help repair dry skin and the wrinkles that can result. This will give your skin the opportunity to produce as much of its natural oils as possible.
Wash your face at night with cool or lukewarm water. Then apply an oil-based lotion to hydrate and repair your skin overnight. In the morning, rinse with cool water but don’t wash. This will help retain the natural oils produced while you slept and give them a chance to do their job.
The Facts About Dehydrated Skin
The causes of dehydrated skin
Dehydrated skin, on the other hand, results from a lack of moisture. Your skin may contain plenty of oil, but there’s no moisture underneath to keep your skin healthy. To make up for the lack of moisture, your skin may actually overproduce oil. As a result, your skin can feel dry and oily at the same time. This overproduction of oil can result in clogged pores, breakouts, irritation, dry patches, and wrinkles.
Dehydrated skin is caused mostly by external factors such as sun exposure, soaps, cosmetics, and diet. The good news is that because dehydrated skin isn’t caused by internal, genetic factors, it is often easier to treat and get rid of than dry skin.
How to treat dehydrated skin
The best treatment for dehydrated skin is your diet. The skin is the last organ to receive the water you ingest so you need to get plenty of it. Drink at least 8 cups of water a day. You can also include water-rich foods like grapefruit, orange, cucumber, and spinach to increase your fluid intake.
For a more topical solution, apply a moisturizer immediately after a shower to minimize water loss. To treat dehydrated skin throughout the day, first apply a hydrating lotion to put water into the skin. Then top it off with a moisturizer to lock the water in place.
Diet and the hydrating lotion/moisturizer combo, if used correctly, are great ways to treat dehydrated skin. But sometimes, more treatment methods are necessary.
Sleeping with a running humidifier in the room is another great way to keep moisture in your skin. The humidifier makes the air humid which prevents the moisture in your skin from evaporating overnight.
Additionally, consider taking short, lukewarm showers to keep the moisture in your skin. Long, hot showers can dehydrate the skin.
Once the moisture has been restored to the skin, fine lines and wrinkles in the face, neck, and chest will smooth out and fill in. This happens because the water you put in fills the spaces between cells and pushes out on the skin from underneath.
The best treatment for dehydrated skin
Diet and topical creams can be an effective way to treat the wrinkles caused by dry or dehydrated skin. But for the décolleté, the best solution is a 24-hour hydration system like SiO Beauty.
Step one is the SiO Décolleté Cleansing Disc. It lightly exfoliates, cleanses pores, and prepares skin for the healing, wrinkle-smoothing effects of the next two steps.
Step two is the SiO SkinPad. The SkinPad is worn overnight and creates a breathable ‘micro-climate’ under the pad that draws moisture to the skin’s surface. This ‘micro-climate’ helps restore the natural, youthful beauty of the décolleté while also acting to prevent future wrinkles from forming.
Step three is the SiO Décolleté Serum. The serum is designed to provide deep, skin-plumping hydration to the décolleté. It also helps to brighten skin tone, protect against environmental damage, and prevent new wrinkles from forming.Used in conjunction with the décolleté cleansing discs and the décolleté serum, the SiO SkinPad is the most powerful way to rejuvenate and protect the décolleté against dry and dehydrated skin.